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Combined Solution

Gypsander + Fix-All

In the absorption and insolubilization of heavy-metals-polluted soil, when cement-based solidifiers are used to harden adjusted soil, the soil tends to become alkalized, resulting in possible re-migration of arsenic and selenium. To avoid these phenomena, neutral solidifiers are recommended.

pH desorption curve of iron oxide-based absorbers

Graph: pH desorption curve of iron oxide-based absorbers

Gypsander + MT-V3

When carrying out decomposition and solidification simultaneously, the decompositional performance of soil adjusted using Gypsander remains the same as when done without solidifiers, but soil adjusted using cements is hardly decomposed.

Polluted soil tends to be soft, with solidification commonly required in the cleanup process.

When decomposing and cleaning up VOCs simultaneously with solidification, neutral solidifiers are recommended, so as not to compromise decompositional performance.

Decompositional performance of TCE

Graph: Decompositional performance of TCE

Fix-All + MT-V3

When insolubilizing selenium, its valence is largely affected, where tetravalent selenium is insolubilized solely by Fix-All, while hexavalent selenium is hardly insolubilized.

Combining Fix-All with MT-V3 enables selenium absorption to Fix-All, as MT-V3 is thought to act as a reduction agent in converting hexavalent selenium to tetravalent selenium.

Comparing absorption performance of hexavalent selenium

Graph: Comparing absorption performance of hexavalent selenium